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Nursing in India

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HISTORY

The ancient records of India indicate the principles and practices of nursing. They are so clear, intelligent and scientific, that many of them might fit into any of the modern textbook. The nurses were usually young men, and only in special cases, women were taken for conducting childbirth. The progress of nursing in India was obstructed by the low status of women, the caste system, illiteracy and political unrest.

Military nursing

military nurse was the first type of nursing. In 1664, the East India Company started a hospital for soldiers in a house in Fort St. George, Madras. The first sisters were sent to St Thomas Hospital in London for this military hospital.

Maternity

In 1797 a chapel at the hospital (maternity) for the poor in Madras was built with the help of subscriptions by Dr. John Underwood. In 1854, the government authorized a training school for midwives in Madras.

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale was the first woman to have a great influence on nursing in India and had a thorough knowledge of Indian conditions, including the military. She was interested in the nursing service to the civilian population, although his primary interest was the welfare of the army in India.
In 1865, Miss Florence Nightingale drew some detail “Suggestions on a system of nursing to hospitals in India.” Graduates were sent to the Nightingale School for Nurses at St. Thomas Hospital in England to start similar schools in this country. St Stephens Hospital, New Delhi was the first to begin the training of young Indian girls as nurses in 1867.

Training schools

In 1871 the first School of Nursing was launched in the Government General Hospital, Madras with six months diploma midwives program with student midwife four.
Four directors lady and four trained nurses from England have been affected in Madras. Between 1890 and 1900, many schools, either by government or missions, were launched in different parts of India. During the twentieth century year, national nurses associations have been launched.
In 1897, Dr. BC Roy did excellent work to raise standards of nursing and nurses that men and women.

The 20th century

In 1908, the association of nurses trained in India was formed as it was deemed necessary to uphold the dignity and honor of the nursing profession.
In 1918, schools began training for health visitors and dais at New Delhi and Karachi. Two English nurses Miss Griffin and Miss Graham were appointed to give training and supervising nurses.
In 1926, Madras State brought on board recording first to provide basic standards in education and training. The first four base year Baccalaureate program was established in 1946 at the College of Nursing in Delhi and Vellore.
With the help of the Rockefeller Foundation, seven health centers were established between 1931 – 1939 in the cities of Delhi, Madras, Bangalore, Lucknow, Trivandrum, Pune and Calcutta.
In 1947, after independence, the community development program and expansion of the hospital has created a high demand for nurses, auxiliary nurse midwives, health visitors, midwives, nurses, tutors and care administrators nurses.
The Indian Nursing Council has been adopted by this ordinance on December 31, 1947. The council was formed in 1949.
In 1956, Miss Adrenwala was appointed as advisor of nursing to the Government of India. Development of Nursing in India was greatly influenced by Christian missionaries, the First World War, the British rule and by international agencies like WHO UNICEF, Red Cross, etc. NON-DIT
The first master degree, a postgraduate program in two years began in 1960 at the College of Nursing, Delhi. In 1963, the School of Nursing, Trivandrum, established the first two years post Bachelor Degree Certificate Program.
Associations like the International Council of Nurses, LPNs CMA India, Indian and TNAI Board of Nursing at the State level Registration Board are closely related to the promotion and elevation of the profession nurse.

Scope of Nursing in India

There was a time when professional nurses had very little choice of nursing care was because focusing on nursing and hospital bedside. Career opportunities are more varied today for a number of reasons. The list of possibilities are given as under:
1. Staff nurse provides direct patient care to a patient or patient group. neighborhood management and supervisory assistance. It is directly responsible to the restaurant manager.
2. Ward sister or nursing supervisor, she is responsible to the Director of Nursing for the nursing management of a district or unit. Supports complete the room. Assigns work and nursing staff working in non-nursing service. Responsible for safety and comfort of patients in the room. Provides teaching sessions if it is a teaching hospital.
3. manager / nursing assistant superintendent. It is accountable to the director of nursing and nursing assistant for nursing and management of more than one ward or unit. Example – the surgical ward. outpatient department.
4. Assistant Director of Nursing. It is responsible to the Director of Nursing and helps the administration of nursing at the hospital.
5. Nursing Superintendent is responsible to the medical superintendent of safe and effective management of nursing services in hospitals.
6. Director of Nursing is responsible for two educations nursing service and nurses in a teaching hospital.
7. Community Health Nurse (CHN) services focus primarily child Reproductive Health Program.
8. Teaching in nursing. The functions and responsibilities of teachers in nursing are planning, teaching and supervising learning experiences for students. Positions in nursing education is clinical instructor, tutor, senior tutor, lecturer and associate professor, senior lecturer in nursing and professor of nursing.
9. Industrial nurse nurses are industrial first aid, care during illness, health education about risks and prevention of industrial accidents.
10. Military nurse. Military Nursing Service became part of the Indian Army which means that nurses have become commissioned officers who are then elevated to the rank of Major General liutenant.
11. nursing service abroad attractive salaries and promising professional opportunities, which causes a substantial increase for the nursing service abroad.
positions in the administrative 12.Nursing. At the state level the assistant director of nursing at the Health Directorate of the State. The highest administrative post at the national level is the adviser in Nursing for the govt. India. 13. Nursing leadership is not at all in India. there must be need strong leaders in India who can make the high level of care. At that time India lacks a good leader and reality in nursing.

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Written by imfast5005

May 30, 2011 at 4:04 am

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